The Quabbin Reservoir was built in the 1930s. It was created by flooding the Swift River Valley, a name given to this area by Europeans whom began settling here in the 1730s. In pre-colonial times a Native American chief named Quabbin lived in the valley. The name Quabbin means 'many waters'.
The reservoir was built by the Massachusetts Metropolitan District Commission (MDC). Buildings were demolished, topsoil was scrapped off and railroad tracks were torn up. All people living in the valley were forced to sell their homes and leave. In the end, 36 miles of state highway were relocated; many miles of other roads were abandoned; 16 miles of railroad tracks were removed; 8 train stations were demolished; the contents of mills, farms, stores and houses were sold or auctioned, and structures were bulldozed into their foundations; hilltops and mountaintops became islands; and 7500 bodies were removed from old cemeteries and re-interred in Quabbin Park Cemetery in the town of Ware, MA. Once the valley was cleared, It took 7 years for the reservoir to fill.
The names of some of the towns and villages buried under the Quabbin are: